The Masters - Golf: Hole-by-hole guide to Augusta National
Around 91 of the world's best players will descend upon the world's most famous golf course, Augusta National, to try and be the latest to slip on the coveted Green Jacket.
A former plant nursery, each hole is named after the plant or shrub it is most associated with and you can read our hole-by-hole guide here, ahead of the start on Thursday 7th April.
1 - Tea Olive, par 4, 445
A challenging opening hole, players must avoid trees on the left and a bunker on the right off the tee. A good drive of 300 yards is required to leave a friendlier approach, but anything other than the fairway will leave a tricky two-putt at best, or an up-and-down attempt at worst.
When you arrive at the green, you'll be greeted with undulations that make par a good score, with the first typically playing as one of the hardest holes of the week. The first was the scene of Ernie Els' excruciating six-putt from three feet.
2 - Pink Dogwood, par 5, 575 yards
A chance for the big hitters to flex their muscles. There is a reachable fairway bunker awaiting any drives that don’t successfully negotiate the dog-leg, and anyone overly cautious of the sand can hook their way into bother. But by and large, the second presents a good opportunity for birdie.
Two bunkers guard the front right and front left portions of the green, and the pin position can be the difference between going for the green in two, or laying up for a more straightforward approach.
Sunday, however, will see players play straight down the throat of the green, in between the bunkers. The pin position in the fourth round allows approach shots to funnel down towards the hole and offer an early eagle chance.
Louis Oosthuizen made the first ever albatross here in 2012 en-route to a play-off defeat to Bubba Watson.
3 - Flowering Peach, par 4, 350 yards
Another opportunity for the big hitters, the short par 4 offers the choice between going for the green off the tee, or laying back short of the fairway bunkers.
Those going for the green will often be left with a testing pitch to a narrow green that slopes severely from right to left. Those laying back will have a full shot, and perhaps a better opportunity to control spin, but anyone coming up short on approach will see their ball roll back down the hill to leave a testing third.
4 - Flowering Crab Apple, par 3, 240 yards
After a couple of generous holes, players are brought back down to earth with a bump for the first par-3 on the course. A long, downhill hole demands accuracy off the tee to another sloping green.
Anything missed right or long will leave a downhill chip making par extremely difficult. Left finds one bunker, short finds the other.
Longer hitters who can hit a shorter club - and hope for a softer landing - stand the best chance of making par here. Adam Scott has even admitted to considering laying up when the wind hits and three is always a good score here.
5 - Magnolia, par 4, 495 yards
Players are greeted with a generous fairway off the tee, but those who stray left could find themselves in a fairway bunker.
Two deep bunkers with steep faces make it impossible to see where you’re playing and virtually impossible to find the green.
A drive uphill of over 300 yards is required to carry them, and even that can leave a mid-to-long iron into a green with two humps that reject any ball landing short. There’s also a bunker to the back left.
The hole plays over par and sees as many double bogeys as it does birdies.
6 - Juniper, par 3, 180 yards
There's no let-up for players on the sixth either. Though shorter than the previous par-3 and only requiring a 7-iron, it can tempt players to go flag-hunting with friendly pin positions.
If the hole is cut back-right you'll see players attempt to land the ball on the platform to make birdie. But come up short and the ball will roll back a good 50 feet down the hill, making a three-putt a real possibility. Miss long and you could be looking at a double-bogey.
There's also a bunker in the front of the green, which only comes into play with the nearer pin position, but again, finding the right spot on the two-tiered green is required to make par.
7 - Pampas, par 4, 450 yards
A straightforward par-4 if you drive the ball well. Keep the ball in play and you’re looking at a short iron into a green that slopes back to front, which comes in handy for when the pin is at the front of the green.
However, a tee shot left or right into the trees leaves you navigating the three bunkers protecting the front of the green, while making sure you don't overshoot the green and find the two bunkers on the back.
8 - Yellow Jasmine, par 5, 570 yards
Reachable in two if you avoid the fairway bunker. Placed up the right of the fairway, find that and you can forget about making eagle, but miss it and only the shorter hitters will be considering laying up.
The approach to the green is a blind shot, so steep is the hill, and only mounds either side of the green offer protection, but savvier players can use them to their advantage.
Find the inside of the mound and the ball will feed into the green to set up an eagle chance. Find the wrong side, however, and you're likely pitching over them with birdie becoming unlikely.
9 - Carolina Cherry, par 4, 460 yards
They say the Masters doesn’t start until the back nine on Sunday, but the ninth gives players ample opportunity at birdie. A long drive can clear the trouble and find the bottom of the hill, leaving a flat lie which takes the bunkers on the left side of the green out of play.
Shorter hitters will need to play up the right-hand side of the fairway, but will be left with a downhill lie to an uphill green.
Often an accessible pin, players need to find the right part of the green to leave themselves a birdie opportunity, while anything that finds the false front can see the ball trickle back down the hill.
10 - Camellia, par 4, 495
The back nine begins with a hugely downhill dog-leg left.
The scene of Rory McIlroy's tournament-ending triple bogey, Bubba Watson's heroics out of the trees and countless other iconic Masters moments.
Longer hitters may use a wood off the tee to try and keep the ball in play and let the slope down the fairway do its thing. Shorter hitters will take driver and hope to turn the ball enough to avoid the trees on the right, but not so much so they find the trees on the left.
Another hole that always plays over par, even if you find the bottom of the fairway, there’s no respite on approach to the green. The enormous bunker won't come into play, but the one front-right can and a testing green makes par a good score.
11 - White Dogwood, par 4, 505 yards
A long par 4 that required a long, straight drive has now found itself opened up.
In previous iterations of the Masters you may have heard the odd player send a drive right and hear them shout ‘get right’, hoping their miss is so severe it clears the trees and finds a little opening on the other side.
Well the trees have been cut down on the right, bar three, and you may see players aiming towards them to set up a more accessible approach to the green this year.
And so begins Amen Corner. The southernmost section of the golf course where dreams are made and shattered. Even if your tee shot finds the fairway, you’re still faced with a decision: take the flag on, potentially bringing the water on the left into play, or the more conservative right, which can leave a testing pitch to the green.
Larry Mize missed miles right in his 1987 play-off with Greg Norman, and left with a chip that he’d have happily seen finish anywhere on the green, incredibly holed out to win.
12 - Golden Bell, par 3, 155 yards
Part of Amen Corner, the 12th hole is arguably the most famous par-3 in the world and it continues to cause problems each and every year. Remember Jordan Spieth's efforts in 2016? He made a quadruple-bogey seven that cost him a second Green Jacket.
Choosing the right club is always a tricky task given the ever-changing nature of the wind, with players regularly not taking enough club and ending up in the water.
With Rae's Creek in front, bunkers and azaleas behind and Hogan's Bridge on the left, just finding the putting surface is deemed a good shot, but that doesn't necessarily mean strokes won't be dropped.
Too much pace on any putt, especially on the final round when the pin is near the front, could result in a big score.
13 - Azalea, par 5, 510 yards
Seen as a great birdie chance, this hole, which concludes Amen Corner, can also cause problems if a player gets out of position.
For the right-handed golfer, a slight draw is required off the tee as the fairway slopes right to left, while the bigger hitters may decide to adopt a bolder approach and drive it over the trees on the left, leaving a short iron into the green.
Any drive that veers left will find the trees and likely result in another ball being hit from the tee box, while anything sent out right will also end up in the trees and, nine times out of 10, result in a player opting to lay up with their second shot.
With a creek running across the front of the green and azaleas at the back, distance control is imperative if eagle or birdie chances are going to be set up. Find the putting surface and this hole quickly becomes an opportunity to pick up some shots.
14 - Chinese Fir, par 4, 440 yards
There may be no bunkers or water in sight on the 14th hole but finding the fairway off the tee is crucial in order to control the iron shot into the extremely difficult green.
It's the putting surface that makes this hole so tough. There is a false front that will send balls back down the hill, while the green slopes hard to the right. Going beyond the pin is much better than dropping short, as you are then faced with a difficult up-and-down.
15 - Firethorn, par 5, 530 yards
The 15th hole has been lengthened by 20 yards this year and that could be the difference for some of the field deciding to lay up with their second shot instead of going for the green. Anything that veers too far left off the tee will force you to lay up as a cluster of trees block you out.
If you are in a position to go for the green with your second, there is just the small matter of hitting a narrow green that is fronted by water and is protected by a bunker on the right.
Anything overhit will likely roll off the back of the green and potentially into the water that awaits, while an approach that ends up short will find the drink.
Finding the green doesn't mean a ball will stay dry, as too much spin could see the ball roll back into the water and thus set up a treacherous chip shot back over the water from the drop zone. Sergio Garcia made a 13 here in 2018, the highest score on the hole.
16 - Redbud, par 3, 170 yards
The 16th hole is the scene of one of the greatest shots in Masters history, the 2005 chip-in from Tiger Woods after he sent his tee shot over the back of the green.
There is a huge body of water that runs from the tee box to the left side of the green, while there are three bunkers that help to protect the green, which slopes fiercely from right to left.
Quite often there is a hole-in-one at this hole and, in the final round of the 2004 Masters, Padraig Harrington and Kirk Triplett each made an ace.
17 - Nandina, par 4, 440 yards
With the pressure and tension of a Green Jacket on the line, this is a very demanding tee shot with trees on both sides making accuracy a priority.
Any extra length with the driver will help you get to the top of the hill, thus providing a better chance to judge depth perception, otherwise a player is faced with a tough shot if stuck back on the upslope.
Any approach shot that goes long right will provide an extremely difficult chip, with the green at least eight feet below the green surface. Landing the ball on a downslope is never easy. Coming up short of the green will then mean a tricky up-and-down.
Making par on this hole is more than acceptable with a potential Masters victory on the line.
18 - Holly, par 4, 465 yards
Accuracy off the tee is paramount on the 18th, with trees providing trouble on the right and two bunkers on the left elbow of the fairway making this a true test of a dog-leg right hole.
A 3-wood or long iron is often used to ensure the fairway is found, although that doesn't guarantee a drive will find the safety of the short grass.
Sandy Lyle famously found the bunker in 1988, before playing the shot of his life from the sand to hit the green, helping him win the tournament.
Everything plays back uphill with the elevation change extremely deceptive, while the two-tier green, which has a huge slope from the middle that sucks everything down to the front, puts a premium on distance control.
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